India has long been considered one of the leading countries in regard to mineral production. There are several large deposits of natural minerals spread all across the country. Some of the majorly found items here are Granite, Marble, Limestone, Sandstone, Rhyolite, Quartzite, Gneiss, Basalt, Porphyry, Slate, and several other stones, given their specific availability in the different regions of India.

Sandstone factory

The stones procured from India are largely used for the production and manufacturing of a wide range of items like flooring, wall cladding, monuments, countertops, slabs, blocks, sculptures, pebbles, cobbles, and others. The wide variety of dimension stones such as Marble, Granite, Limestone, Sandstone, and others are exported to other countries too. Due to the great abundance of sandstone in India, there are many natural stone suppliers in India that manufacture and supply high-quality Indian sandstone to other countries.

Geology of Indian Sandstone

The Sandstone refers to a clastic sedimentary rock that takes shape after the admission and solidification of clastic materials in a sedimentary basin. These are made up mainly of sand (0.0625 to 2 mm in size) particles or rock wreckages of pre-medieval rocks post their erosion and weathering.

A majority of sandstones are made up of quartz along with some other additional minerals that exhibit some kind of resistance to weathering. The sandstones come in a wide variety of hues due to the impurities present within the rock. The commonly found colors of Indian sandstone are tan, red, yellow, brown, pink, grey, black, white, etc. As the sandstone rock is brittle and resilient so its beds are sometimes formed extremely observable cliffs and other chorography features and can easily be determined with specific hues of sandstones in diverse regions.

The rock structures that are made up of sandstone generally enable the percolation of water and other liquids and it is absorbent enough to permit the liquids to go through or to store bigger quantities and hence making those valued aquifers and gasoline basins. The finely grained sandstones are better able to eliminate various pollutants present in the water than are stones with bangs and fissures, like limestone or other rocks cracked by seismic processes, often some soluble salts prevailing in the sandstone may get liquefied.

Sandstone Deposits in India

In India, the sandstone rocks can be easily found in nearly all the geologic formations from Proterozoic to the Latest. The Precambrian rocks don’t feature sandstone abundance as all the rocks of this epoch are metamorphosed while the sandstone rock belongs to the sedimentary category. The sandstones of the Precambrian Era are presently mined as quartzite which is also a durable stone therefore employed as dimensional stone. Most Indian sandstone varieties are discovered in the Vindhyan Supergroup and in the Marwar Supergroup.

Nearly 3 million people are employed in India’s sandstone mining sector seasonally, with almost 90 % of India’s sandstone production happening in the state of Rajasthan.          

Sandstone deposits in India can be discovered over the states of Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Mizoram, Haryana, West Bengal, etc. More than 90% of the feasible reserves of sandstone are present in Rajasthan, extended over the regions of Dholpur, Jhalawar, Bharatpur, Sawai-Madhopur Kota, Chittorgarh Karauli, Bundi, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, and Nagaur.

Some of the widely exported sandstone varieties are Kandla Grey Sandstone, Modak Sandstone, Agra Red Sandstone, Camel Dust Sandstone, Sagar Black Sandstone, Autumn Brown, and others.                 

Export to Sandstone from India to Other Countries

In the year 2020, the total value of sandstone export from India was $135 million.

However, the total value of imports of commodity sector 2516 (Granite, porphyry, basalt, sandstone and other monumental or dimension stone, whether or not coarsely trimmed or just cut, by sawing or else, into blocks or slabs of a rectangular (including square) shape. to India totalled $ 13.8 million in 2020. Sales of commodity group 2516 to India got down by 29% in terms of value from its value in 2019.

Sandstone Exports from India to the UK

In FY 2020-2021 (Apr-Nov), nearly 57.43 USD million worth of sandstone was exported from India to the United Kingdom. It was roughly 62.34% of the total export of Sandstone.

Sandstone Exports from India to the UK

In FY 2020-2021 (Apr-Nov), nearly 57.43 USD million worth of sandstone was exported from India to the United Kingdom. It was roughly 62.34% of the total export of Sandstone.

Sandstone Exports from India to the USA

In regard to economic value, the export of sandstone from India to the United State of America (USA) has more than doubled between 2014-15 and 2018-19. It rose from US$ 7.35 million to US$ 16.78 million in these five years. Accordingly, the portion of the US (as a destination) in India’s total sandstone export has got up from 5.26 % in 2014-15 to 8.62 % in 2018-19.

The United States of America is ranked at 4th position in the list of top Indian sandstone importers, with a total import of 97 million pounds worth US$ 16.7 million in 2018-19.

Source: – Tainted Stones

Below is the annual trade value of Group 2516 (Granite, porphyry, basalt, sandstone, and other monumental or dimension stone).


The biggest importer of Indian Sandstone is the United Kingdom (UK). Other countries in the list of sandstone importers are France, Germany, Canada, Belgium, Italy, and UAE.

There are primarily nine countries along with some other nations with a small quantity that purchase Indian sandstone. Major importing countries are the United Kingdom (UK), Australia, Belgium, Italy, Canada, Germany, UAE, France, and the USA.

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